The Occitanie region includes the former regions of Midi-Pyrénées and Languedoc-Roussillon. Economic development is one of the major skills of the Occitan region. Agriculture, industry, crafts, tourism, life sciences and the coastal economy are all assets that the territory has at its disposal, which are both opportunities for creating jobs and wealth.
In agriculture, the Occitanie region is the queen of the first places. First organic region of France, first world vineyard in area for the wines of origin and first region of field crops (durum wheat, corn etc). The second region for agricultural employment, the Occitanie region has 140,000 permanent workers . With 7000 establishments, the region is the 3rd largest agri-food region . In all, agriculture represents more than 6 billion euros , or 9% of the total of the metropolis.
With 37,500 industrial companies and more than 86,000 jobs in aeronautics and space , the industrial sector is doing very well in Occitania. It is the 1st region in aeronautics . In addition, the territory has 123,000 craft businesses .
The Occitanie region also has nearly 30,000 researchers , 15 competitiveness clusters, 227,148 students and 35 grandes écoles and universities . These figures make it the first French region for research.
With the convergence of the regions, and particularly with the Languedoc-Roussillon region, the new Occitanie region is surfing on a real wave of blue growth in terms of coastal economy . The ports of Sète, Port-La-Nouvelle and Port-Vendres account for more than 5 million tons of freight . With 20 tourist resorts on the coast and 66 marinas , the activity attracts 8 million tourists every year. The region is also the first fishing fleet in the Mediterranean.
The economic activity of the Languedoc-Roussillon region is based on agriculture, industry and services, particularly tourism. Most of the primary activity in the region is 90% composed of crops. The first is the vine. The vineyards of Languedoc-Roussillon provide 40% of the annual national production . Then come the fruit and vegetable production , which occupies the 2nd national place. This crop is very developed in Roussillon and south of Nîmes. Similarly, on the coast, fishing is a present and varied activity by the species fished, and locally important. Sète is the first French fishing port. In Languedoc-Roussillon, the primary sector accounts for 10.3% of regional employment.
Despite the traditional textile activities in Lozère and Nîmes, the secondary sector is in difficulty in the region. Agribusiness, on the other hand, is very present in Languedoc-Roussillon and more dynamic industrial activities are developing. The main branches concerned are IT and the pharmaceutical industry . The major industrial hubs in the region are Montpellier, Nîmes, Alès, Béziers, Narbonne and Perpignan . Sète hosts imports of crude oil, refined in Frontignan, tropical timber and wine.
In Languedoc-Roussillon, the forefront of economic activity is unquestionably occupied by the tertiary sector. In particular, it owes to it the demographic dynamism of the region, whose net migration is positive in the coastal departments, in particular the Hérault and the Pyrénées-Orientales.
With higher education, tourism is the most important activity in the region and makes it the 3rd most attractive region . Many seaside resorts have been created on the coast, intended for mass tourism. Among them, Palavas-Les-Flots, La Grande-Motte and Cap d'Agde . Thanks to preserved natural areas such as the Cévennes National Park, the Gorges du Tarn or the Regional Park of Haut-Languedoc, tourism tends to develop also in the land. Cultural tourism is no exception either in the region with the ancient city of Nîmes, the Pont du Gard and the medieval cities of Carcassonne and Aigues-Mortes.
Finally the army is well established in the region with the headquarters of the first army corps in Montpellier and that of the FAR (Rapid Action Force) in Nîmes . A military air base is located in Narbonne and a naval aviation in Nîmes.
Finally, the regional economy can count on a booming tertiary and tourist sector . The Occitanie region is the 4th most tourist region of France . With 13 billion euros in tourism receipts , the Occitanie region is also the fourth region for tourism jobs (more than 87,000), and the fourth region in number of hotel rooms. Finally, it remains in first place for the attendance and the quality of the outdoor hotel.
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